TRABAJOS ORIGINALES / ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Número 114

La buena práctica pericial, el camino hacia la excelencia profesional en Psicología Forense

Good professional practice, the path to professional excellence in Forensic Psychology

La situación legislativa actual permite que cualquier profesional de la psicología, pueda realizar un informe psicológico pericial, al no existir en estos momentos una regulación de la Psicología Jurídica o Forense. Esta situación deriva en que, en los mejores casos sólo con un ajuste al código deontológico, se emitan dictámenes periciales, que aun no teniendo tachas deontológicas, dejan mucho que desear, y siembran dudas respecto a la labor pericial que se realiza por profesionales de la Psicología, dejando la puerta abierta al constante cuestionamiento desde otras profesiones, respecto al carácter científico de nuestra profesión. La labor pericial implica tanto investigación como evaluación forense, siguiendo el método científico, lo que conlleva la elaboración de hipótesis que el profesional deberá falsar a lo largo de su evaluación para concluir con solidez y rigor científico, dando respuesta a la pregunta formulada. Por ello la elaboración de un informe pericial, va mucho más allá del informe escrito de las conclusiones, sobre los resultados obtenidos  por las personas evaluadas a través de pruebas psicológicas, con ajuste a las normas establecidas en el Código Deontológico del  Psicólogo.

The current legislative situation allows any professional in psychology to make an expert psychological report, as there is at present a regulation of Legal or Forensic Psychology. This situation results in that, in the best cases only with an adjustment to the code of ethics, expert opinions are issued, which, although they do not have deontological notes, leave much to be desired, and raise doubts about the expert work done by professionals of the Psychology, leaving the door open to constant questioning from other professions, regarding the scientific nature of our profession.The expert work involves both research and forensic evaluation, following the scientific method, which entails the elaboration of hypotheses that the professional must falsify throughout his evaluation to conclude with soundness and scientific rigor, answering the question asked.For this reason, the preparation of an expert report goes well beyond the written report of the conclusions about the results obtained by the persons evaluated through psychological tests, in accordance with the norms established in the Code of Ethics of the Psychologist.

The current legislative situation allows any professional in psychology to make an expert psychological report, as there is at present a regulation of Legal or Forensic Psychology. This situation results in that, in the best cases only with an adjustment to the code of ethics, expert opinions are issued, which, although they do not have deontological notes, leave much to be desired, and raise doubts about the expert work done by professionals of the Psychology, leaving the door open to constant questioning from other professions, regarding the scientific nature of our profession. The expert work involves both research and forensic evaluation, following the scientific method, which entails the elaboration of hypotheses that the professional must falsify throughout his evaluation to conclude with soundness and scientific rigor, answering the question asked. For this reason, the preparation of an expert report goes well beyond the written report of the conclusions about the results obtained by the persons evaluated through psychological tests, in accordance with the norms established in the Code of Ethics of the Psychologist.

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